We Live in a Connected World

Internet of Things

When one talks about the Internet of Things (or IoT for short), one is refering to the idea of objects being able to communicate to other objects or people over a network. By creating this connectivity, information can be both sent and received from these devices.

An example would be a smart thermostat that you're able to control with your smart phone and learns when you're usually at home and usually away. by doing so, the device can automatically turn itself on or off. In addition, the unit can optimize itself based on the model of AC/furnace unit you have, as well as notify you when a filter needs to be changed.

Another would be a heart monitor that can provide instant feedback to doctors over the internet. This real-time data can keep the doctor informed on any fluctuations or issues, allowing the necessary treatment to be delivered before it's too late.

At this point, the possibilities are endless. As devices get smaller and smaller while becoming increasingly energy efficient, the future is most certainly a connected one.

Brief History of IoT
Year Event
1982 A Coke machine able to report it's inventory and if new cans were cold is connected at Carnegie Mellon University
1991 "The Computer of the 21st Century" by Mark Weiser is published. PerCom and UbiCom contemporize the IoT ideas.
1993 - 1996 Various companies, including Microsoft, propose novel solutions.
1999 RFID is seen as an introduction into IoT as it is technologically functional and readily available.
2001 EPC, or Electronic Product Code, is proposed in David Brock's white paper, "The Electronic Product Code (EPC): A Naming Scheme for Physical Objects"
2003 EPC launched
2005 Interaction Design Institute Ivrea (IDII) in Ivrea, Italy develops the Arduino which is a small, cheap and easy to use microcomputer
2011 Nest, the automated, self-learning wi-fi enabled thermostat is released. Image of the Smart thermostate, Nest
2020+ Gartner Inc predicts by 2020 there will be over 25 billion IoT devices with exponential growth predicted.